The Iliad and The Odyssey

  • BEFORE THE ILIAD

  • How the Trojan War Began:

  • The Apple of Discord

  • Narrator

    In ancient times, the great city of Troy was located on the northwest coast of the land now known as Turkey.

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  • The city stood at the foot of Mount Ida, near the shores of the Aegean Sea.

  • Strong walls protected the city from its enemies.

  • In the years before the Trojan War began, the city enjoyed peace and prosperity under the rule of King Priam and his wife, Queen Hecuba.

  • They had many children, among them a beautiful daughter named Cassandra.

  • The god Apollo loved Cassandra so much that he offered to grant her any wish.

  • Cassandra asked for the power of prophecy, the ability to see into the future.

  • Apollo gave her this gift, but then she angered the god.

  • Apollo could not take back his gift, but he proclaimed that no one should ever believe Cassandra or pay any attention to her predictions, even though they were true.

  • And so when Cassandra predicted the evils that were to come upon Troy, even her own people did not believe her.

  • The eldest son of King Priam and Queen Hecuba was Hector, the noblest of the Trojan heroes.

  • A younger son, Paris, would bring sorrow and disaster to Troy.

  • The Queen’s Dream

  • Narrator

    Just before Paris was born, a strange thing troubled the family of old King Priam.

    Profile Picture of Narrator in The Iliad and The Odyssey
  • Queen Hecuba had a dream in which she saw her newborn babe turn into a flaming torch that burned up the walls and the high towers of Troy.

  • She told the king her dream.

  • When the child was born, they called a soothsayer and asked him what the dream meant.