browse back button

  • Narrator

    Lo! the Spear-Danes’ glory through splendid achievements

    Profile Picture of Narrator in Beowulf
  • The folk-kings’ former fame we have heard of,

  • How princes displayed then their prowess-in-battle.

  • Oft Scyld the Scefing from scathers in numbers

  • Narrator

    From many a people their mead-benches tore.

    Profile Picture of Narrator in Beowulf
  • Since first he found him friendless and wretched,

  • The earl had had terror: comfort he got for it,

  • Waxed ’neath the welkin, world-honor gained,

  • Till all his neighbors o’er sea were compelled to

  • Narrator

    Bow to his bidding and bring him their tribute:<br>

    Profile Picture of Narrator in Beowulf
  • An excellent atheling! After was borne him

  • A son and heir, young in his dwelling,

  • Whom God-Father sent to solace the people.

  • He had marked the misery malice had caused them,

  • Narrator

    That reaved of their rulers they wretched had erstwhile

    Profile Picture of Narrator in Beowulf
  • Long been afflicted. The Lord, in requital,

  • Wielder of Glory, with world-honor blessed him.

  • Famed was Beowulf, far spread the glory

  • Of Scyld’s great son in the lands of the Danemen.

Welcome! Here is a quick tutorial to get you started

four icons

There are four ways to read and scroll through text on Literal.

1. Scroll

swipe up and down image

Swipe up and down in the middle of the reading panel to scroll through the book.

Tip: Use your fingers, trackpad, or mouse, depending on your screen.

2. Drag

drap left to right image

Drag the dot on the progress bar to the left or to the right.

Tip: Click or tap anywhere on the progress bar to jump ahead or to go back.

3. Press Next

press next image

Press the Next icon to jump to the next line in the book.

Tip: Click Next several times to jump ahead quickly.

4. Press Play

press play image

Press the Play icon to turn on automatic scrolling.

Tip: This takes a few minutes to get used to but it is our most popular way to read!

One more thing

click speech bubble image

Narration and character dialogue on Literal are presented in speech bubbles rather than plain text.

Tip: Click on any speech bubble to unlock helpful tools like notes, translation, and a dictionary.